The Craftsmen training Scheme was introduced by the Government of India 1950 to ensure a steady flow of skilled worker in different trade of the domestic industry to reside quantitatively and qualitatively the industrial production by systematic training to reduce unemployment among the educated youth by providing them employable training, to cultivate and nurture a technical and industrial attitude in the mind of younger generation the scheme, the most important in the field of Vocational training, has been shaping craftsman to meet the existing as well as future manpower need, for the vast network of I.T.I's/I.T.C's in the various states in the country.
National Council For Vocational Training (N.C.V.T)
In pursuance of the recommendation of the All India Council for technical education, the government of India in the ministry of labour resolution no.RTA-428(5)/dated the 22nd May, 1951 appointed a committee called the national trade certification investigation committee with instruction to prepare a scheme of the establishment of an All India Trade Board which would award certificate of proficiency to craftsmen of the various Engineering and building trades.The report of this committee as also the recommendation of the training and employment services organization committee have been considered by the Government of India.The Government agreed with both the committee that there is need for setting up a central agency for coordinating the training programmers in the country bringing about uniformity of standards and awarding certificates of proficiency in craftsmanship on all India basis. Such a step in the interest of both the industry and the workers in as much as it ensures that the holder of national certificates posses a minimum recognized degree of skill in addition. It facilitates mobility of tradesmen and their employment.
The Government of India also decided to transfer the administration to the training organization under the control of the State Government concerned, retaining for themselves the function of coordinating Craftsmen training and lying down the training policy .The decision has further accentuated the need for central agency for assisting or advising the central Government in the discharge of their responsibilities regarding craftsmen Training. It has accordingly been decided , in consultation with the State Government and other concerned parties to set up a National Council for Vocational Training(N.C.V.T).Accordingly, with a view to ensure and maintain uniformity in the standards of training all the over the Country. The N.C.V.T an advisory body was set up by the Government of India in the Year 1956.The council has been entrusted with the responsibilities of prescribing standards curricula for Craftsmen Training, advising the Government of India on the overall policy and programmes, conducting All India Trade test and awarding National Trade Certificates. The National council is chaired by the Minister of Labour, with member representing Central and State Government department, employers and worker's organization, professional and learned bodies, All India council for Technical Education, Scheduled castes and scheduled Tribe, All India women's organization etc. the State council for vocational Training at the State level and the Trade committee have been established to assist the National Council.